This is the fourth and final entry in our series celebrating Fair Dealing Week.
The copyright landscape in Canada has undergone significant changes recently. To ensure a fair and reasonable approach to the use of copyright protected materials on campus, Dalhousie has sought to balance the rights of users with those of creators. To help accomplish this, the University has established a Copyright Office and has most recently adopted updated Fair Dealing Guidelines.
As students of Dalhousie University, you may copy materials for which the university (e.g. the Library) has negotiated licenses, according to the terms of the individual license agreements. In addition to license agreements, fair dealing allows you to make use of a work for yourself for the purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, news reporting, education, parody or satire. For example, this means you can copy one article from a journal, or one chapter from a book for the purpose of your studies and research.
Without fair dealing, any time you wished to make use of a copyrighted work in your course, you would need permission from the copyright holder, perhaps even paying a licensing fee. This short presentation (click on the image) illustrates how many basic use of works that we might take for granted would not be legal without fair dealing:
For more information on how fair dealing affects students, please take some time to read about fair dealing for students, and consult our fair dealing guidelines. Please feel free to contact the Copyright Office with any questions or comments at email@example.com
This is part three in our series to celebrate Fair Dealing Week. Part four (Students and Fair Dealing) will appear on Friday.
Fair dealing is a powerful tool for using copyrighted works in the classroom. It allows instructors to use photos and videos in class lectures, reduce the cost of materials for students, and facilitate access and accommodation for students. Faculty can also benefit from Fair Dealing in the context of research, allowing academics to build upon existing research, and facilitating access to scholarly works.
Fair dealing is available in the contexts of education and research, but it is important to remember that copyright in Canada is a balance between users’ rights and creators’ rights. While instructors can engage in copying for their classes, it must be done in a fair and ethical manner.
One of the best resources to make sure your class readings fall under fair dealing is to make use of the Dalhousie Libraries course reserves service. By using the course reserves service, you’re taking the guesswork out of applying fair dealing guidelines for every work that is used as part of class readings, and reducing the cost of material for your students. The Dal Libraries’ course reserves service can upload material to Brightspace for you, or create stable links to course readings.
For more information on how fair dealing affects faculty, please take some time to read about fair dealing for faculty, and consult our Fair Dealing Guidelines. Please feel free to contact the Copyright Office with questions or comments at firstname.lastname@example.org
This is part two in a four-part series of blog posts celebrating Fair Dealing Week (February 20–24, 2017).
Fair Dealing permits the limited use of copyright-protected material without the permission of copyright owners, and without the risk of infringement. It is intended to provide a balance between the rights of creators and the rights of users. Copyright protects the expression of ideas, and fair dealing provides the space for new ideas to flourish. Prior to the current allowances of fair dealing, it was much more difficult to navigate copyright rules to find material for teaching and research. Students, faculty, and staff can now benefit from fair dealing to improve their classes, work, and studies.
Two Dalhousie professors, Dr. Sasha Kondrashov and Dr. Mike Smit discuss the importance of fair dealing in the videos below:
For more information, you can read about fair dealing on the Dalhousie Libraries’ Copyright Office’s Fair Dealing Basics page, and consult the Fair Dealing Guidelines. Please feel free to contact the Copyright Office with any questions or comments at email@example.com
Fair Dealing Week (Fair Use Week in the United States) is the Association of Research Libraries (ARL)’s annual celebration of fair dealing. To mark Fair Dealing Week, we’ll be blogging about it all week. These posts will outline why fair dealing is important, what fair dealing means to instructors, and how fair dealing applies to students.
Fair dealing is a right in the Copyright Act (Section 29) which allows the copying and communicating of copyrighted works without permission from or payment to the copyright holder. The Supreme Court of Canada has established a two-part, six-factor test for determining fair dealing:
Step One: Determine if your use of a copyrighted work is covered by any of the purposes enumerated in the Copyright Act: research, private study, criticism, news reporting, education, parody, or satire.
Step Two: If your use does fall under one of these purposes, then you can proceed to applying each of the six factors the Supreme Court identified. The six factors are: purpose (different from the purpose in the first step), character, amount, alternatives, nature, and effect.
If your use of a copyrighted work passes both of these steps, it can be deemed fair dealing. To clarify the determination of fair dealing, Dalhousie has developed a set of Fair Dealing Guidelines, in cooperation with the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. These guidelines apply to all members of the Dalhousie University community — faculty, staff and students.
For more information, consult the Dalhousie Libraries Copyright Office’s Fair Dealing Basics page, and the Fair Dealing Guidelines. Contact the Copyright Office with any questions or comments at firstname.lastname@example.org
We are pleased to welcome Lachlan MacLeod to the staff of the Dalhousie Libraries, effective January 3. Lachlan will have a busy schedule, including ensuring all copyrighted materials have been cleared prior to production or use, working closely with the eReserves team on providing library resources to students through Brightspace, responding to a wide array of inquiries from Dalhousie faculty, staff and students on copyright-related matters, and promoting open access resources.
There is a large component of his position that will be educational in nature, working with the Copyright & Humanities Librarian in delivering presentations to various faculties and departments, providing updates on developments in the copyright landscape in Canada, and demonstrating how the Copyright Office can assist faculty and staff in maintaining compliance with current copyright legislation.
“The Dalhousie Libraries Copyright Office assists all members of the university community in meeting their shared obligation to respect the rights of copyright holders in their use of material for research, teaching and learning,” says Elaine MacInnis, Associate University Librarian, Library Services. “Lachlan will be a valuable addition to the Copyright Team, bringing with him relevant experience, expertise, familiarity with the Dalhousie community and a willingness to work with our community to ensure everyone benefits from the wealth of scholarly material available.”
Lachlan is a graduate of both King’s and Dalhousie. He holds a Master of Arts in sociology, and his thesis focused on qualitative comparisons between practices of Halifax artists and national copyright policy. In addition to his background in copyright research, Lachlan was previously employed at Dalhousie as a student assistant in the sociology department, and in two positions at the Atlantic Research Data Centre, located in the Killam Library.
Lachlan is looking forward to answering questions from staff, faculty, and students about how copyright affects them. “Copyright can seem dull or restrictive at first glance,” says Lachlan. “But, it touches many aspects of our lives, from entertainment media to academic work. With a robust knowledge of copyright, faculty, staff, and students can get more out of their work. I’m excited to teach more people about copyright policy, and pass on an enthusiasm for what is possible.”
Lachlan will be based out of the Copyright Office, which is on the fifth floor of the Killam Library. If you have questions about copyright, contact email@example.com or (902)494-4346.
The new position of Copyright and Digital Humanities librarian was filled by Roger Gillis when he joined the Dal Libraries on December 1. Roger has been in the information management field since 2002, having worked on digital humanities projects such as the Atlantic Canada Virtual Archives, and holding positions in archives and records management in the academic and non-profit sectors.
From 2009 to 2015, he was the Archivist, and later the Archives & Scholarly Communication Librarian, at Mount Saint Vincent University. Roger was responsible for the operations of the University Archives, and led Open Access initiatives such as managing the institutional repository and online journal hosting services, as well as developing other digital projects. He has also been involved in the Open Access publishing world as part of the Public Knowledge Project. Roger has taught credit and non-credit information literacy courses, and served as a liaison librarian for the humanities departments at MSVU.
“Digital Humanities is a diverse and growing field of research and teaching that intersects computing and a variety of the humanities disciplines that the Dalhousie Libraries’ Centre for Digital Scholarship sees as a major focus of its activities along with its support for digitization, research data management, digital preservation, GIS and open access initiatives. The growing of the Libraries’ digitization and computing capabilities and the hiring of a Digital Humanities Librarian are only the initial steps in our growing support and involvement of the digital humanities at Dalhousie,” said Michael Moosberger, the University Archivist and Associate University Librarian for Research and Scholarly Communication.
Roger’s key responsibilities at the Dalhousie Libraries include:
- Working as a member of the Copyright Office to develop copyright training and awareness initiatives, monitor developments in copyright and related matters such as Open Access, author rights, and other intellectual property matters;
- Developing and supporting digital humanities and other digital initiatives at Dalhousie, in conjunction with the Libraries Research and Scholarly Communications team.
- Serving as liaison librarian to the History Department;
- Developing and delivering information research instruction;
- Developing the Libraries’ collections and information resources, especially for the humanities;
“In the short time that I’ve been here, I have already been fortunate enough to be making it around to a number of different departments at Dal talking about copyright and related issues — it’s exciting to see and learn about the wide array of research and teaching that goes on here. I am really looking forward to getting to know and work with faculty, staff, and students and working with them in this capacity; I am very excited to be joining the Dalhousie Libraries in this role!” said Roger.
Roger holds a Master of Arts degree in History from the University of New Brunswick and a Master of Library and Information Studies from Dalhousie University. We’re very pleased this alumnus is back at Dalhousie.
Have a question about Open Access, copyright, or the humanities’ collection? Roger can be reached at Roger.Gillis@dal.ca or at 902-494-2003.
By: John Yolkowski, Copyright Services Coordinator, Dalhousie Libraries
As Dalhousie makes the migration to Brightspace, the new Learning Management System (LMS), instructors will notice some changes and new features. For instance, when you first log into Brightspace you will be presented with this pop-up notice:
In order to gain access to Brightspace, you will need to click “I confirm,” to confirm that you are aware of your copyright responsibilities. This pop-up message will appear each term as a reminder about copyright.
Instructors share in the responsibility to ensure the materials you have uploaded into your course space are copyright compliant. This means you have the permission of the copyright holder to upload the item, or you are making content available under an exemption in the Copyright Act, like Fair Dealing (see our Fair Dealing Guidelines here).
If you are unsure about whether your course is copyright compliant, Dalhousie Libraries’ Copyright Office has tools to help you:
- We have a guide on our website regarding the use of copyrighted material in learning management systems: https://libraries.dal.ca/services/copyright-office/for-faculty/brightspace-for-faculty.html
- And an online video tutorial on copyright and Brightspace: http://libcasts.library.dal.ca/Copyright_and_Brightspace/
- As well, we also provide a Copyright Course Review Service on request, where Copyright Office staff will review your course space for copyright concerns, and provide suggestions/clearances for material that may be infringing.
If you have any questions about copyright and your course-space, this pop-up window, or would like to take advantage of our course review service, please contact us at Copyright.Office@Dal.ca or 902-494-4346. Thank you again for playing your part in ensuring sustainable and ethical copying practices at Dalhousie.
As you may be aware, Dalhousie will be experiencing changes to our copyright licensing scheme effective January 1, 2016
To prepare for these changes, the team at the Copyright Office has had a busy fall providing 26 presentations on copyright to many of the university’s departments and faculties (including FASS, Science, Engineering, Health Professions and Medicine).
The goal of these short, 10-15 minute, presentations has been to discuss the changes in licensing, why they are important and the tools that faculty and instructors have at their disposal in making materials available.Although the major discussion has focused on Fair Dealing and licensing changes, the presentations have served as springboards for discussions on various copyright issues.
Check out some Common Copyright Questions.
Interested in having the Copyright Office team present to your faculty or department? Contact Copyright Services Coordinator, John Yolkowski by email at firstname.lastname@example.org, or by phone at (902) 494-4346.
Looking for more information about Copyright? Visit http://www.dal.ca/dept/copyrightoffice.html
With the winter term quickly approaching, it is a busy time getting course readings ready in Brightspace and Blackboard. Given some of the recent copyright changes here at Dalhousie, We’d like to remind you how this can be done in a manner that is respectful of Canadian copyright law, and Dalhousie’s Fair Dealing Guidelines: http://www.dal.ca/dept/copyrightoffice/guidelines/fair-dealing-guidelines.html
If you wish to upload materials yourself into Brightspace/Blackboard, we’ve made it easy to figure out if what you want to put online is copyright compliant. Libraries staff have put together a short video tutorial which explains Dalhousie’s Fair Dealing Guidelines, and will provide you with guidance when it comes to making sure your materials are copyright compliant. Check it out here: http://libcasts.library.dal.ca/Copyright_and_Brightspace/
Thank you for helping foster sustainable and ethical copying practices at Dalhousie!